By George R. Boyer
Over the past 3rd of the eighteenth century, such a lot parishes in rural southern England followed rules offering bad reduction outdoors workhouses to unemployed and underemployed able-bodied labourers. the talk over the commercial results of 'outdoor' aid funds to able-bodied employees has endured for over 2 hundred years. This ebook examines the commercial position of the bad legislations within the rural south of britain. It offers a version of the rural labour marketplace that gives motives for the frequent adoption of outside reduction regulations, the patience of such rules till the passage of the bad legislations modification Act in 1834, and the pointy local modifications within the management of aid. The ebook demanding situations many in most cases held ideals concerning the bad legislation and concludes that the adoption of out of doors reduction for able-bodied paupers used to be a rational reaction through politically dominant farmers to alterations within the rural financial surroundings.
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Additional info for An Economic History of the English Poor Law, 1750-1850
If laborers were willing to pay the market price for allotments, and if the price of labor was increasing as rapidly as the price of land, farmers would have had little desire to reclaim their laborers' allotments. However, available evidence suggests that the price of land was increasing faster than the price of labor (Baack and Thomas 1974: 415). It was therefore in the farmers7 interests to reclaim, or reduce the size of, laborers' allotments. The desire to reclaim allotments would also be strong if laborers' rental payments were sticky in the face of rising land prices.
33/12/1). The Webbs (1927: 190) claim that the roundsman system existed "under various names, and differing slightly in form . . " 15 For example, in the parishes of Bottisham and Burwell, Cambridge, in 1792, successful roundsmen earned Is. ) per day, unsuccessful roundsmen lOd. (Hampson 1934: 191). The Old Poor Law in Rural Areas, 1760-1834 17 Other parishes set the wage rate to be paid roundsmen, and some parishes auctioned off the roundsmen. Historians have criticized the roundsman system for forcing non-laborhiring ratepayers "to pay part of the wages bill of their richer neighbours" (Webb and Webb 1927: 192).
Scattered cases of parishes using outdoor relief before 1782 can be found in the local studies of poor relief administration. The parish of Tysoe, Warwick, granted outdoor relief to seasonally unemployed laborers as early as 1727, and adopted a roundsman system in 1763 to cope with seasonal unemployment (Ashby 1912: 153-7). " Emmison (1933: 50) found examples of the use of roundsman systems in Bedfordshire in 1734, 1758, and 1781. Several Cambridgeshire parishes employed "able-bodied paupers in 'field keeping,' in breaking and sifting gravel, and in carting stones during the middle years of the [eighteenth] century" (Hampson 1934: 187).
An Economic History of the English Poor Law, 1750-1850 by George R. Boyer