By John C. Whittaker
Making arrowheads, blades, and different stone instruments was a survival ability and remains to be a craft practiced via hundreds of thousands of flintknappers worldwide. within the usa, knappers assemble at nearby "knap-ins" to socialise, alternate principles and fabric, purchase and promote either gear and knapped artwork, and make stone instruments within the corporation of others. In among those gatherings, the knapping group remains attached via newsletters and the Internet.
In this booklet, avid knapper anthropologist John Whittaker bargains an insider's view of the knapping group. He explores why stone instruments allure smooth humans and what making them skill to people who pursue this paintings. He describes how new individuals are integrated into the knapping group, how beginners research the innovations of knapping and locate their roles in the crew, how the neighborhood is based, and the way ethics, ideas, and ideology approximately knapping are constructed and transmitted. He additionally explains how the perform of knapping pertains to specialist archaeology, the alternate in smooth replicas of stone instruments, and the forgery of artifacts. Whittaker's e-book hence files a desirable culture of yankee lifestyles and introduces the broader public to an historic and nonetheless lucrative craft.
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Extra resources for American Flintknappers. Stone Age Art in the Age of Computers
Some early experimenters were limited by their ignorance or the availability of correct materials. Cushing () tells of using a bone toothbrush handle, and many knappers started with nails or other metal as pressure flaking points. Even many serious experimental knappers prefer copper pressure flakers over antler because the copper, being a bit harder, makes it easier to remove consistent flakes and the copper tip requires less frequent resharpening. In the early days of knap-ins in the late s and early ’s, knappers were already arguing about copper versus antler in pressure flaking.
Spiro Mound, more properly the Craig mound at Spiro, and often called the Temple Mound by contemporary writers, was an incredibly rich site. Elite burials on wooden litters were accompanied by outstanding objects such as shells engraved with “Southern Cult” designs, wooden masks, hafted copper axes, and the like. The looters called themselves “The Pocola Mining Company,” which pretty much indicates their approach to archaeology. In the outrageous destruction of the site finally aroused archaeologists and responsible citizens.
I generally park my tool kit under the main tent and knap with knap-in organizer Bob Hunt and several others who usually join that group. Most knappers have habitual positions, and little groups of friends will assemble in their own areas at each knap-in, but there is a lot of flow as well. A few knappers sit and knap most of the time, but the majority wander around, visiting friends, watching others, purchasing supplies, and gossiping between bouts of knapping. There is a continual buzz of conversation mingling with the din of knapping: the crack, crack, crack, clatter of fracturing stone and falling flakes.
American Flintknappers. Stone Age Art in the Age of Computers by John C. Whittaker